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Bazi – How To Map Out Your 8 Characters

Bazi is the pronunciation of 八字, which directly translates to “8 characters” in English. It is also commonly known as the “4 Pillars of Destiny”.

Bazi is a practice that has been used for centuries since ancient times in China for life readings.

Because the variables of Bazi can be found in flying star feng shui, they are often used together in their application.

Here’s how to map out Bazi with a person’s birth date and time.

There are 4 pillars in the Bazi. They consist of one pillar for year, one pillar for month, one pillar for day and one pillar for time. Each pillar consist of 2 characters, making a total of 8.

Let’s take for example a man born on 4 October 1982 at 4am.

Refer to the Hsia calendar for the year 1982, we can see that for this year, the heavenly stem (HS) is HS9 and the earthly branch (EB) is EB11.

hseb-1982

For the month of October, it’s HS6 and EB10.

hseb-1082

For the day of the 4th, it’s HS7 and EB9.

hseb-041982

Now by referring to this table, the below is what we get.

Hour Day Month Year
HS7

+ Metal

HS6

– Earth

HS9

+ Water

EB9

+ Metal

EB10

– Metal

EB11

+ Earth

We have now uncovered 3 of the 4 pillars. That was easy isn’t it?

But don’t relax just yet. Because the hour pillar is a little more complicated.

The first step in generating the HS and EB for the hour pillar, is to take note of what is the HS on the day pillar. In this case, it is HS7.

Using HS7, refer to the below Hour Pillar Chart. Take a look at the first row in bold and see which column it is at. In this example of HS7, it is at the second column.

Day HS HS1
HS6
HS2
HS7
HS3
HS8
HS4
HS9
HS5
HS10
2300 – 0100 HS1
EB1
HS3
EB1
HS5
EB1
HS7
EB1
HS9
EB1
0100 – 0300 HS2
EB2
HS4
EB2
HS6
EB2
HS8
EB2
HS10
EB2
0300 – 0500 HS3
EB3
HS5
EB3
HS7
EB3
HS9
EB3
HS1
EB3
0500 – 0700 HS4
EB4
HS6
EB4
HS8
EB4
HS10
EB4
HS2
EB4
0700 – 0900 HS5
EB5
HS7
EB5
HS9
EB5
HS1
EB5
HS3
EB5
0900 – 1100 HS6
EB6
HS8
EB6
HS10
EB6
HS2
EB6
HS4
EB6
1100 – 1300 HS7
EB7
HS9
EB7
HS1
EB7
HS3
EB7
HS5
EB7
1300 – 1500 HS8
EB8
HS10
EB8
HS2
EB8
HS4
EB8
HS6
EB8
1500 – 1700 HS9
EB9
HS1
EB9
HS3
EB9
HS5
EB9
HS7
EB9
1700 – 1900 HS10
EB10
HS2
EB10
HS4
EB10
HS6
EB10
HS8
EB10
1900 – 2100  HS1
EB11
HS3
EB11
HS5
EB11
HS7
EB11
HS9
EB11
2100 – 2300  HS2
EB12
HS4
EB12
HS6
EB12
HS8
EB12
HS10
EB12

Now take a look at that column and go to the row where you find 4am as used in this example.

It is HS5 and EB3.

The Bazi of 4 pillars is now complete.

Hour Day Month Year
HS5

+ Earth

HS7

+ Metal

HS6

– Earth

HS9

+ Water

EB3

+ Wood

EB9

+ Metal

EB10

– Metal

EB11

+ Earth

The self element is the HS in the day pillar.

We can basically tell that this individual used as example has a self element of very strong Metal. It is supported by Metal below it and Earth (which gives birth to Metal) on both sides. You can learn more about self elemental relationships here.

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